Today in History in...
536 – Gothic War: The Byzantine general Belisarius enters Rome unopposed; the Gothic garrison flee the capital.
1775 – American Revolutionary War: British troops lose the Battle of Great Bridge, and leave Virginia soon afterward.
1793 – New York City's first daily newspaper, the American Minerva, is established by Noah Webster.
1835 – Texas Revolution: The Texian Army captures San Antonio, Texas.
1861 – American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
1871 – Joe Kelley, American baseball player, born in Massachusetts. (d. 1943)
1872 – In Louisiana, P. B. S. Pinchback becomes the first serving African-American governor of a U.S. state.
1875 – Harry Miller, American race car designer and builder, born in Wisconsin. (d. 1943)
1875 – The Massachusetts Rifle Association, "America's Oldest Active Gun Club", is founded.
1898 – Emmett Kelly, American clown, born in Kansas. (d. 1979)
1904 – Robert Livingston, American actor, born in Illinois. (d. 1988)
1905 – In France, the law separating church and state is passed.
1909 – Douglas Fairbanks, Jr., American actor, born in New York. (d. 2000)
1911 – Lee J. Cobb, American actor, born in New York. (d. 1976)
1911 – Broderick Crawford, American actor, born in Pennsylvania. (d. 1986)
1916 – Kirk Douglas, American actor, born in New York.
1919 – William Lipscomb, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate, born in Cleveland, Ohio. (d. 2011)
1922 – Redd Foxx, American comedian and actor, born in St. Louis, Missouri. (d. 1991)
1930 – Buck Henry, American actor, screenwriter, and director. born in New York.
1941 – Beau Bridges, American actor and director, born in California.
1946 – The "Subsequent Nuremberg Trials" begin with the "Doctors' Trial", prosecuting physicians and officers alleged to be involved in Nazi human experimentation and mass murder under the guise of euthanasia.
1950 – Cold War: Harry Gold is sentenced to 30 years in jail for helping Klaus Fuchs pass information about the Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union. His testimony is later instrumental in the prosecution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.
1958 – The John Birch Society is founded in the United States.
1962 – The Petrified Forest National Park is established in Arizona.
2008 – The Governor of Illinois, Rod Blagojevich, is arrested by federal officials for crimes including attempting to sell the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by President-elect Barack Obama's election to the Presidency.
Today, Some of Our Awesome School Assemblies Now Playing...
Sky Dome Planetarium in Carteret, New Jersey.
Sky Dome Planetarium in Lewisville, Texas.
Sky Dome Planetarium in Santa Cruz, California.
Reading! More Than Words! in Senecaville, Ohio.
You've Got a Friend:Stronger Than a Bully II in Glenford, Ohio.
The Earth Dome in Howell, New Jersey.
The STEM Museum in Shepherdsville, Kentucky.